turbine

[19] Latin turbō denoted ‘whirl’, ‘whirling thing’, or ‘whirlwind’, and also ‘spinning-top’ (it was related to turba ‘disturbance, crowd’, source of English disturb, trouble, etc). From it around 1824 was coined French turbine, applied originally to a revolving wheel on an axis, driven by water-pressure. It was borrowed into English in the early 1840s. => DISTURB, TROUBLE
* * *
   Although now normally a smooth-running machine, its name ultimately derives from Latin turbo, genitive turbinis, 'whirlwind,' from the verb turbare, 'to throw into confusion' (as in English disturb, perturb, etc.). The reference is to the whirling and rushing of early water and steam turbines.

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Turbine — Turbine …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • turbine — [ tyrbin ] n. f. • 1822; « tourbillon, roue de fuseau » 1532; lat. turbo, inis « tourbillon, toupie » ♦ Dispositif rotatif, destiné à utiliser la force vive d un fluide et à transmettre le mouvement au moyen d un arbre (pour qu il soit utilisé ou …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • turbiné — turbine [ tyrbin ] n. f. • 1822; « tourbillon, roue de fuseau » 1532; lat. turbo, inis « tourbillon, toupie » ♦ Dispositif rotatif, destiné à utiliser la force vive d un fluide et à transmettre le mouvement au moyen d un arbre (pour qu il soit… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Turbine (TB) — Turbine Banderas Historial …   Wikipedia Español

  • Turbine — Tur bine, n. [L. turbo, inis, that which spins or whirls round, whirl.] 1. A water wheel, commonly horizontal, variously constructed, but usually having a series of curved floats or buckets, against which the water acts by its impulse or reaction …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • turbine — Turbine: A type of engine in which all the parts that are in regular motion are rotating, making for very smooth operation. The basic gas turbine operates as follows: air enters the compressor and is compressed. It is then delivered to the… …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • Turbine — Banderas Historial …   Wikipedia Español

  • Turbine — Turbine, Inc. Turbine, Inc. (прежде Turbine Entertainment Software, Second Nature, и изначально CyberSpace, Inc.) компания разработчик компьютерных игр, была основана Джоном Монсаррэтом, Джереми Гэффни, Кевином Лэнджевином, и Тимоти Миллером.… …   Википедия

  • Turbine — Sf erw. fach. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. turbine, einer Neubildung zu l. turbo ( inis) m. Wirbel; alles, was sich im Kreis dreht .    Ebenso nndl. turbine, ne. turbine, nfrz. turbine, nschw. turbin, nisl. túrbína; turbulent. ✎ Cottez …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • turbine — UK US /ˈtɜːbaɪn/ noun [C] PRODUCTION ► a type of machine in which a wheel is driven by the movement of liquid or gas so that power is produced: »A one megawatt turbine can produce enough electricity annually to meet the needs of 700 households.… …   Financial and business terms

  • turbine — (n.) 1838, from Fr. turbine, from L. turbinem (nom. turbo) spinning top, eddy, whirlwind, related to turba turmoil, crowd (see TURBID (Cf. turbid)). Originally applied to a wheel spinning on a vertical axis, driven by falling water. Turbo in… …   Etymology dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.